HPL Sheet

High Pressure Laminate or HPL Sheet

High Pressure Laminate or HPL sheets are resin and paper-based composite material which serves millions of purpose in our lives. They are modern, strong, and resistant and beautifully designed to serve millions of functions. HPL sheets are utilized everywhere in the world due to its versatile nature and durability.

HPL Sheet Consist of Four Layers

Overlay- The outer overlay is transparent melamine for additional protection and stain-resistant layer.

Décor- The second layer is the décor layer where the actual appearance or beauty lies of the wall. It could be simply colored or could be available in many textures, colors, and designs.

Fiberboard Core - This core is the hard maintenance layer which provides superior stability.

Bottom Layer - The bottom layer is melamine impregnated paper which is accountable for structural solidity and moisture resistance.

Where is High Pressure Laminate Sheet Used?

HPL sheets are omnipresent.

Various Places

  • Industries
  • Hospitals and Pharmacy
  • Laboratory
  • Schools
  • Toilet Cubicles
  • Commercial Buildin
  • Shops
  • Public Buildings
  • Public Bathrooms
HPL sheets

Interior Usage

  • Ceilings
  • Cubicles
  • Display
  • Exterior Balcony
  • Work Tops
  • Tables
  • Furniture’s
  • Doors
  • Window sills
  • Façade
  • Stairs
  • Flooring

What are the Advantages of High Pressure Laminate Sheet?

A diverse set of Colors and design- It’s not a shocker that HPL sheets are known for their vibrant design and beautiful textures so it makes your surrounding lively and beautiful to look at. It will automatically set your mood with its bright and chic graphic.

Highly Durable- HPL sheets stay with your house for a longer time without the loss of its effectiveness in coloring and appearance.

Different Grades Available- There are various types of grades specifically engineered for the requirement of the customers.

  • Standard High Pressure Laminate Sheets
  • Fire Resistant HPL sheets
  • Compact HPL sheets
  • Post forming HPL sheets

Fire Resistance- HPL sheets are fire resistant as they are very difficult to ignite and burn your place down. So you wouldn’t have to worry about your house with fire as completely secure it.

Scratch and Stain Free - Due to its melamine overlay, it is free from small or bigger scratches or stains caused by your children or by accidents.

Health Benefits - Since HPL sheets are used almost everywhere so you must be worried about its health risks. HPL sheets are completely risk-free as they do not contain harmful chemical composition, hygienic and harmless to your child and family.

Easy Maintenance - HPL sheets are easy to maintain as they don’t really need a lot of cleaning. Just once a week cleaning with a wet cloth or any other preferable material. Though if they are hardly rubbed on the surface it can cause some damage on the surface so just a gentle cleaning is favored.

Chemically Resistant - HPL sheets are highly resistant to the various chemical as it doesn’t alter its appearance and solidity even after they are exposed for a longer time.

Virgo ACP - Virgo ACP is the leading HPL Sheet manufacturer Company in India, providing only superior quality of HPL sheets and consumer satisfaction. Creative, solid and durable architecture and design are what make us stand out among the numerous companies to present globally. Why compromise with someone else when you can get the best quality perfectly suitable in your budget. Checkout Virgo ACP for the best HPL and ACP sheets.

What is an HPL?

High Pressure Laminate (HPL) is used for surface decorating materials for outdoors and indoors due to their durability and resistance towards chemicals and fire. High Pressure Laminate (HPL) sheets are composed of several layers that are compressed (laminated) under very high pressure.

Is HPL Waterproof?

Yes! HPL is indeed waterproof. HPL sheets are considered an ultimate choice for surface decorative material due to their durability, rigidity and water resistance.

What is high pressure laminate cladding?

HPL sheets are used for cladding and cladding is a process of attachment of components to the primary structure of any building for addition of decorative layer. HPL panels are used for cladding which proves to be rigid, strong, and fire retardant. They are the best option for surface decorative material available in a wide variety of colors and textures.

How is High Pressure Laminate Made?

High Pressure Laminate (HPL) sheets are made by saturating layers of Kraft paper into phenolic resin and then it is sandwiched between printed décor papers. They are compressed and baked under high heat making them strong, and beautiful for use.

What are HPL panels?

High Pressure Laminate Panels are compressed sheets which are used for external and internal cladding. These panels are strong, durable and aesthetically pleasing. They can also withstand harsh climatic conditions and are fire retardant, lightweight, flexible and easy mounting and maintenance is required.

What are the types of HPL Grades?

  • HPL-Post forming
  • HPL-Compact
  • HPL-Standard
  • HPL-Fire Retardant

How to determine bad quality HPL Panels?

  • Bad quality HPL sheets are more prone to easy scratches or burns from fire or heat
  • If you immerse a piece High Pressure Laminate sheet in boiling water then you will see that their laminates swell up and there is an increase in the density and thickness and the appearance of the sheet.
  • Bad quality sheets get stained by chemicals very fast and you can easily see the visible surface damage.

Do the heat and pressure applied while manufacturing HPL cause a change in the properties of the finished product?

The optimal amount of heat for applying on an HPL sheet is >120 °C and pressure of >5 MPa which maintains the regular properties or functions of the panel. The right amount of temperature and heat allows the resins to flow into the paper and then they are consolidated into greater density sheets.

What temperatures can HPL withstand without deterioration or discoloration?

HPL Panels are considered to provide better resistance to heat and temperature rise than any other thermoplastics in the market like PVC, PS, ABS, PE. HPL can withstand up to 180 °C of heat. Discoloration and deterioration result mainly due to exposure of extreme heat from infrared rays like heat lamps and toasters and Bunsen burners. In this type of situation, you can still use heat resistance surfaces like ceramics.

What is meant by antibacterial HPL?

Antibacterial HPL ensures a decline in bacterial growth. Antibacterial HPL is a great surface decorative for kitchen tops, countertops and tabletops because they remain in regular touch with a food item and kids. HPL sheets which are antibacterial are very hygienic. Standard ISO 22196:2007 is used for the test of microbial activities and another Japanese Industrial Standard, JIS Z2801 in which there is a test for two bacteria that i.e. E.Coli and Staphylococcus aureus.

What are the good qualities of HPL sheets include, in general?

  • Scratch Free
  • Flexible and Ease of maintenance
  • Ease of Management
  • Resistance to Surface Wear
  • Resistance to dry heat
  • Strong, Rigid and Beautiful Look
  • Resistance to Color Change in Artificial Light
  • Resistance to Cigarette Burns
acp sheets

How can High Pressure Laminate be disposed of?

HPL is not a complex or toxic product hence it requires no special treatment for its disposal. It is mostly made of cellulose which is the most common organic compound hence it is further used for energy recovery after the end of its life cycle i.e. recycle and reuse, in an incinerator. The energy recovery treatment results in the generation of energy in the form of electricity, fuel or heat which is used by factories for their manufacturing of products and residual ash is treated as solid waste.

Is HPL a Chemical product?

No! HPL is made up of more than 60% of paper and rests 40% consist of phenol-formaldehyde resin for core and melamine-formaldehyde resin for the surface layer. Though the resins belong from thermosetting, they produce a nonreactive and stable material of HPL whose combined properties are totally different from its components parts.

Is it true that HPL does not release formaldehyde?

Wood is known to contain and emit volatile organic compounds including formaldehyde. External factor like temperature and humidity also affects the emission level of formaldehyde. However VirgoACP formaldehyde emission is far below the minimum level that is 0.03 ppm (tested according to EN 717-1 (WKI chamber method)) and < 0.4 mg/h m 2 (tested according to EN 717-2). Fortunately whenever an HPL is attached to a wood panel it additionally helps to minimize the production of formaldehyde emission from the substrate itself.

What is the average life of a HPL sheet?

HPL sheets are widely known for their durability because they last longer than anything else in the house or outdoors. HPL sheets last for a minimum life time of 20 years for the indoor application without the loss of appearance and quality compare to other decorative materials. They manage to make you indoor and outdoor stay beautiful for a whole solid year.

How does HPL React in Fire Situation?

HPL sheets are easily combustible hence they don’t get ignited or melt for a long time. Whenever an incomplete burning happens there is emission of toxic gases but HPL does not emit any harmful smoke or toxicity in the atmosphere. They are pretty chill in fire situation because neither they burn easily or spread fire around.

What is high pressure laminate made of?

HPL or High-Pressure Laminate is prepared of phenolic dammar saturated sheets, and a melamine dammar saturated design, that is fused beneath the combined effect of heat and high pressure, thus producing a top longevity product.

What is high pressure laminate sheets?

High Pressure Laminate Sheets are made by overfilling layers of Kraft paper into phenolic resin and then it is crammed amidst printed décor papers. They are flattened and crushed under immense heat, making them durable, and beautiful for use.

Is high pressure laminate waterproof?

High Pressure Laminate is measured to be one of the most sturdy, embellished surface materials and boasts enhanced recital properties. As the result, this high pressure laminate is robust, durable and water-resistant. A multipurpose product, High Pressure Laminate is waterproof.

How thick is high pressure laminate?

The maximum thickness of this high pressure laminate is about 0.038” (0.97 mm) and can generally be formed to a range as small as 3/8” (9.5 mm).

What is the difference between high pressure and low pressure laminate?

Both the high pressure and low pressure laminate are resistant to chemicals, water and heat, HPL is slightly more sturdy when it comes to these hazards than the low pressure laminate.

Is Melamine a high pressure laminate?

Technologically, Melamine is a chemical used in both High Pressure Laminate and Low Pressure Laminate. It is the process by which they become laminates that differentiates an HPL from an LPL.

What is the difference between compact laminate and high-pressure laminate?

Compact Laminate is an advanced material that is used for outdoor furniture, and that offers a contemporary, clean and low maintenance finish. At the same time, the high-pressure Laminate provides utmost impact resistance for applications where longevity is particularly significant. Apart from these, the major difference is that Compact laminates have a thickness greater than 2mm, compared with 0.7mm for HPL.

What is HPL cladding?

High-Pressure laminates cladding, or HPL cladding for short, are mainly used for exterior as well as interior surfacing purposes in commercial as well as residential properties. These cladding are manufactured by persistent and heating multiple layers of kraft paper saturated with thermosetting mastics that have incomparable bonding strength.

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